Heart attack or its classical scientific name ‘angina pectoris’ is a common health symptom that affects many populations especially to those who are having its risk. To know its risk factors can be beneficent as it may help people to be aware of the disease so that they can prevent it. Lack of exercise, smoking, high cholesterol, and obesity are some of the main risks that lead to the symptom. Fortunately, there are no specific medications or pills required to prevent this problem from happening. Only a good healthy lifestyle is to be needed to ensure that a person is having symptom-free. Regular exercise is one of the ways suggested by many expertise and specialist to prevent this problem. It is recommended to have at least 30 minutes of regular physical activity every day and at least 150 minutes of exercise in a week to maintain cardiovascular function and to get a healthy weight. Apart from that, it is also important to eat healthily.  Eating foods with low fat, less oil, more vegetables, and fruits and drink plenty of water are some steps to improve the habit of eating. Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) is another diet plan that involves the limit intake of salt, sugar, processed carbohydrates, alcohol, saturated and unsaturated fat in foods. By practising a heart-healthy diet, may improve the blood pressure, cholesterol and indirectly may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Furthermore, a heart attack can also be prevented by maintaining a healthy weight. Body Mass Index (BMI) can be monitored by calculating the height and weight of a person and it may act as a tool to assess the health of someone’s weight.  Waist circumference is also a useful tool to measure the amount of fat around the abdomen. The risk of comorbidities increases with the increase of waist circumference and in Malaysia, 85 cm and 80 cm are the threshold line where the risk increases in men and women respectively. When talking about heart disease or its prevention method, one cannot run away from talking about smoking. People who are addicted to smoking are just like someone who is in a toxic relationship. You cannot get away from it as love is addicting although it damages you inside out. Chemicals in tobacco and cigarette can damage the heart and the blood vessels. It can reduce the oxygen supply to the heart and indirectly will force the heart to pump faster ultimately leading to heart failure. Even someone who is not a smoker, he/she should avoid being a secondhand smoker as it can cause the same effect as one who does.

One should not ignore the importance of having a good sleep. Lack of sleep may affect someone’s health, and this may also lead to cardiovascular problems. Those who don’t get enough time of sleep will have an increased risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, depression, and heart attack. An average of 7 to 8 hours is required for an adult each night and if someone is still feeling tired after having enough time of sleep should seek a doctor as this may be due to other health problems like obstructive sleep apnea that comes with signs of snoring, stopping breathing for short times during sleep and waking up gasping for air. Management of stress is also important in preventing heart attack and doing physical activity, relaxation exercises or meditation may elevate mood, preventing stress and overall may protect the heart.  Lastly, it is recommended to get regular health screenings including blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and glucose levels check-up. Read more regarding heart attack preventions by DoctoronCall on the website.

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